Kosovo* remains contaminated by mines, cluster munitions (CM) and other explosive remnants of war (ERW) as a result of the conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Kosovo** Liberation Army in the late 1990s, and the military intervention of NATO in 1999. An estimated 45 million square meters of land was mine and cluster affected, yet still today new areas are being found as mine and/or cluster suspect.
Kosovo* Mine Action Center-KMAC (KMAC) and HALO TRUST conducted a non-technical survey (NTS) of Kosovo* between 1 March and 30 November 2013. The survey identified 79 confirmed minefields and 51 confirmed cluster munitions (CM) sites covering 1,039 hectares of contaminated land throughout Kosovo*.
According to the statistics from Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, around 2000 civilian survivors of mines and UXO are affected from the past armed conflict in Kosovo*. Since June 1999, due to mine and UXO contamination in Kosovo* 114 civilians were killed, and 446 were injured.
What we do
ITF’s main clearance activities in Kosovo* were performed throughout 2000–2001, yet on a smaller scale they still continue. By the end of 2013, through ITF projects, nearly 6 square kilometers of land were cleared on 60 locations with nearly 2,500 mines and 1,600 UXO (unexploded ordnance) found and destroyed. In 2015, ITF deployed two mine detection dog teams from MDDC in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) that conducted final quality control of 3,000 square meters of land at the demining task Secishte in Kosovo*.
In 2017, ITF implemented the project „Socio-Economic Rehabilitation and reintegration of mine/UXO survivors in Kosovo*” by Institute for promotion of education (IPEDU) through which assistance was provided to 40 mine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) survivors. The project was aimed at improving their quality of life, wellbeing, facilitating and enhancing their active participation in social environments.
Based on the good experience and impact of the program in 2017, supported by Republic of Turkey, ITF was applying for the continuation of the program also in the year 2019. The new program was approved and will start in December 2019. Program will be upgraded, stressing more the capacity building of participant.
ITF was actively involved in structure support for all those years of activities in Kosovo*, particularly through regional training activities, as well as through the provision of equippment and training of Kosovo* Protection Forces.