In the shadow of never-finished wars, Afghanistan remains one of the poorest and one of the most contaminated countries by mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) countries in the world. While the majority of minefields have already been cleared, the remaining areas still make Afghanistan one of the most ERW impacted countries in the world. They pose an immediate danger towards the civil population and impede further development of those areas.
Further contributing to this are medical issues, for example difficult access to health services, health issues often associated with fertility, and an extremely high birth mortality rate. In addition, contagious diseases account for a half of deaths in Afghanistan.
What we do
Cluster Munition Clearance
During last two months of 2017, Demining Agency for Afganistan (DAFA) cleared 701,771 square meters of land, contaminated with cluster munition. During clearance, 440 UXOs, 7 BLUs and 15 SAA were found and destroyed.
ITF was opproached by NGO Mine Detection Center (MDC) in Kabul at the end of 2015 regarding possible support of MDC Polyclinic. The project of supporting the MDC Polyclinic in Kabul enables free healthcare support to the deminers and their family members as well as the population of Kabul, in particular physiotherapeutic, psychosocial, gynaecological, and dental services as well as examinations and consultations. Additionally, radiological, laboratory and pharmaceutical services will be ensured. The project specifically focuses on the services aimed at women and children, who cannot afford healthcare. More than 37,000 medical services/examines/counselling were delivered in period of 2016-2017.
ITF formally started working in Afghanistan in 2014, when ANDMA (Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority) and ITF signed a memorandum of understanding. The Capacity Support to Mine Action Coordination and Transition in Afganistan project officially started on 1 August 2014.
ITF has been supporting the development of national capacities in the field of mine action, specifically the Directorate of Mine Action Coordination (DMAC), and provided coordination related to the delivery of quality assurance in the Afghanistan regions through salary payments for 11 Operational Assistants in 2014 who were at that time working under UN MACCA subordination and guidance.