Iraq is one of the most heavily ERW-contaminated countries in the world following decades of wars, including the 1980–1988 war with Iran, the 1991 Gulf War, and the subsequent on-going internal conflict.
The heavy use of mines, unexploded ordnance (UXO) and particularly improvised explosive devices (IEDs) is a key concern in Iraq nowadays as it poses an unprecedented hazard to the Iraqi security forces and to safe resettlement of estimated several million people displaced by conflict. The operation of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has additionally exacerbated the situation with thousands of explosive devices targeting innocent men, women and children. Estimates of contamination at the end of 2016 by the Directorate for Mine Action (DMA) and Iraq Kurdistan Mine Action Authority (IKMAA) reported an area of 1,519 square kilometers, out of which over 80 % were located in central and south Iraq. Explosive hazards additionally prevent the delivery of humanitarian assistance, obstruct the functionality of basic public infrastructure, as well stabilization and reconstruction efforts in general.
What we do
Clearance of landmines and ERW
In 2009, ITF enabled UNMAS mission to conduct evaluation of mine action programme in Iraq the results of which will serve to improve further mine/UXO clearance activities in Iraq.
Currently, ITF is striving to secure funds for a project enabling the clearance of explosive hazards in ISIS liberated areas of Iraq in order to recreate an environment where people can return to safely, and where stabilization and reconstruction can occur free from constraints posed by (improvised) mines and other explosive hazards.