Iraq is one of the most heavily ERW-contaminated countries in the world following decades of wars, including the 1980–1988 war with Iran, and the 1991 Gulf War.
The heavy use of mines, unexploded ordnance (UXO) and particularly improvised explosive devices (IEDs) is a key concern in Iraq nowadays as it poses an unprecedented hazard to the Iraqi security forces and to the safe resettlement of estimated several million people displaced by conflict. The presence of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has additionally exacerbated legacy contamination with thousands of explosive devices targeting innocent men, women and children. Estimates of mine contamination at the end of 2017 by the Directorate for Mine Action (DMA) and Iraq Kurdistan Mine Action Authority (IKMAA) reported an area of 1,419 square kilometers, out of which over 80 % were located in central and south Iraq. Explosive hazards additionally prevent the delivery of humanitarian assistance to vulnerable populations, obstruct the functionality of basic public infrastructure, as well stabilization and reconstruction efforts in the long-term.
What we do
Clearance of landmines and ERW
Currently, ITF is in the process of establishing cooperation both with DMA and IKMAA in order to secure funds for programs enabling explosive hazards management in ISIS liberated areas of Iraq. ITF aims to support the recreation of an environment where people can return to safely, and where stabilization and reconstruction can occur free from constraints posed by (improvised) mines and other explosive hazards.