Kazakhstan has expressed support for the Mine Action Treaty’s humanitarian objectives, but has previously cited the perceived need for antipersonnel mines to protect its border as the reasons it has not yet joined. In May 2011, Kazakhstan said that “Taking into account its close proximity to unstable regions and existing threat of international terrorism, Kazakhstan, while addressing the issues related to landmines, proceeds from the necessity to reconcile the interests of national security and economic potential of the State and humanitarian aspects as well«.
Although there is no official statistics available, Kazakhstan has large amount of outdated, unserviceable and hazardous for storage ammunition left behind after collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. These stockpiles of obsolete ammunition are stored in a variety of military warehouses with weak storage conditions and which are not always properly managed, secured or guarded, what altogether presents a substantial threat to the human security that shall be removed.
Until today, Small Arms Survey has documented 5 unplanned explosions at munitions sites in Kazakhstan which occurred between 2001 and 2015.